Surgery of Colon & Rectum

Hernia Surgery

Rectal prolapse:

Rectal prolapse is a condition in which the rectum slips out of the anus. In this condition, the patient suffers from something coming out of the anus and stool incontinence. Earlier stages of this disease are usually treated with some conservative measures. However, almost all patients eventually require surgery.

Laparoscopic Rectopexy:

Laparoscopic repair of rectal prolapse has become the standard of care, and most patients can be treated laparoscopically. This is achieved by reversing the prolapse followed by fixing the rectum with or without a synthetic mesh. You get the best results when you undergo treatment by the best laparoscopic surgeon in Kolkata.

Colon cancer

Colon cancer is the cancer of the large intestine. It typically affects older individuals, although rarely it can also affect a younger individual. Most colon cancers begin as a noncancerous polyp and slowly progress to cancer. If a patient is diagnosed with a polyp, curative treatment can be achieved by endoscopic means.

Patients with colon cancer may present with these symptoms (some patients may be completely asymptomatic):

  • Change in bowel habits
  • Blood in stools
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness / fatigue


Treatment modalities to treat colon cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and others. The type of treatment offered to a patient depends on the stage of the disease and condition of the patient.

Laparoscopic Surgery for Colon Cancer

In the early stages, colon cancer is curable by surgery (with or without additional therapy). Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer is well established and provides the patient with benefits like less pain and early recovery with curative treatment.

Rectal Cancer

Hernia Surgery

The rectum is the last several inches of the large intestine which opens into the anus. Rectal and colon cancer are similar in their risk factors and symptoms. Therefore, they are together referred as colorectal cancer. However, there are certain differences in their treatment approach.
Symptoms associated with rectal cancer include:

  • Change in bowel habits
  • Blood in stools
  • Mucus in stools
  • Narrow stools
  • Abdominal pain / discomfort
  • Sensation of incomplete evacuation of stools
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness / fatigue

Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer

Treatment for rectal cancers mainly entails surgical removal of the disease. However, some patients also require additional therapy in the form of radiation and chemotherapy depending on the stage of the disease. Most cases of cancer in the rectum are amenable for treatment by laparoscopic approach allowing the patients to have the benefits of less pain and early recovery.

Laparoscopic Surgery of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Inflammatory bowel disease includes various causes of chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. There are 2 main types:

  1. Ulcerative Colitis: This condition mainly causes ulcers of the large intestine and rectum
  2. Crohn’s Disease: This causes inflammation of the digestive tract, also involving the small intestine.

These diseases usually present with blood and mucus in stools, diarrhea, pain in the abdomen and weight loss. The mainstay of treatment is medications but when the patients develop complications, they may require minimally invasive surgery by a laparoscopic surgeon in Kolkata.

Laparoscopic Surgery for Diverticular Disease

Some patients tend to develop outpouchings (diverticula) in their digestive tract. These patients may also require laparoscopic surgery.